essential amino acids

essential amino acids
Those amino acids that cannot be synthesized by an organism and must therefore be present in the diet. The term is often applied anthropocentrically to those amino acids required by humans (Ileu, Leu, Lys, Met, Phe, Thr, Try and Val), though rats need two more (Arg and His).

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

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  • essential amino acids — nepakeičiamosios aminorūgštys statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Žmonių ir gyvulių organizmų nesintetinamos aminorūgštys, gaunamos su maistu ar pašaru. atitikmenys: angl. essential amino acids; indispensible amino acids rus. незаменимые… …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • Essential amino acids in some common foods — ▪ Table Essential amino acids in some common foods* chicken egg, boiled, 1 large (50 g) ground beef, lean, broiled, 100 g (3.5 oz) cow s milk, lowfat, 2%, 246 g (8 fl oz) soybeans, dry roasted, 86 g (1/2 cup) cornmeal, whole grain, 122 g (1 cup)… …   Universalium

  • essential amino acids — the nine α amino acids required for protein synthesis that cannot be synthesized by humans and must be obtained in the diet: histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine …   Medical dictionary

  • non-essential amino acids — Amino acids that can be synthesized by animals and not required in their diet …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

  • Essential amino acid — An essential amino acid or indispensable amino acid is an amino acid that cannot be synthesized de novo by the organism (usually referring to humans), and therefore must be supplied in the diet. Contents 1 Essentiality vs. conditional… …   Wikipedia

  • essential amino acid — an amino acid that is essential for normal growth and development but cannot be synthesized by the body. Essential amino acids are normally obtained from protein rich foods in the diet, such as liver, eggs, and dairy products. There are nine… …   Medical dictionary

  • essential amino acid — an amino acid that is essential for normal growth and development but cannot be synthesized by the body. Essential amino acids are normally obtained from protein rich foods in the diet, such as liver, eggs, and dairy products. There are nine… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • essential amino acid — n any of various alpha amino acids that are required for normal health and growth, are either not manufactured in the body or manufactured in insufficient quantities, are usu. supplied by dietary protein, and in humans include histidine,… …   Medical dictionary

  • indispensible amino acids — nepakeičiamosios aminorūgštys statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Žmonių ir gyvulių organizmų nesintetinamos aminorūgštys, gaunamos su maistu ar pašaru. atitikmenys: angl. essential amino acids; indispensible amino acids rus. незаменимые… …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • essential amino acid — noun an amino acid that is required by animals but that they cannot synthesize; must be supplied in the diet • Hypernyms: ↑amino acid, ↑aminoalkanoic acid • Hyponyms: ↑arginine, ↑histidine, ↑isoleucine, ↑leucine, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

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